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Sulfate attack in concrete - understanding-cement.com

Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar. Sulfate attack can be 'external' or 'internal'. External: due to penetration of sulfates in solution, in groundwater for example, into the concrete from outside. Internal: due to a soluble source being incorporated into the concrete at the time of mixing, gypsum in the aggregate, for example. External sulfate attack ...

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Fine and Coarse Aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete …

Use marine limestone aggregate only if the water soluble chloride content of the aggregate, when tested in accordance with ASTM C1524, is below 200 ppm. Marine limestone coarse and fine aggregate can be used together only if their combined water soluble chloride content, when tested in accordance with ASTM C1524, is less than 200 ppm.

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Aggregates for Use In Concrete

Concrete subject to abrasion 3.0* All other concrete 5.0* Coal and lignite: Where surface appearance of concrete is of importance 0.5 All other concrete 1.0 Source: Table 1 Limits for Deleterious Substances in Fine Aggregate for Concrete, ASTM C 33.

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Standards for cement, aggregates, admixtures

EN 12620:2002 Aggregates for concrete. This standard specifies the properties of aggregates and fillers produced from natural, manufactured or recycled materials. It covers normal weight aggregates with a density greater than 200kg/m 3. BSI has produced a guidance document on …

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5 Aggregate Specifications and Requirements

Organic impurities are the only concern in fine aggregates. Section 904.02 places a restriction for fine aggregate for use in portland cement concrete and mortar. No restrictions are placed on organic impurities in fine aggregate for use in other types of construction. The limitations on the amount of organic impurities allowed in fine

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(PDF) Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates 1 ...

Crushed 8.2 Fine aggregate failing to meet the requirements of 8.1 concrete may have constituents that would be susceptible to alkali- aggregate reactivity or sulfate attack in the new concrete or may bring shall be regarded as meeting the requirements of this section sulfates, chlorides, or organic material to the new concrete in its pore ...

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Aggregates for Concrete as per American Standards - ASTM ...

Fig 1: Aggregates used in production of concrete. The aggregates are broadly classified into two types based on the size, namely- fine aggregate and coarse aggregate. In this article, we discuss the properties of the standard aggregates used in the production of concrete as per the American Standards (ASTM- C33/C33M).

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Internal sulfate attack in mortars containing contaminated ...

A linear relationship was found between the mean size of four granular classes (0/0.63, 0.63/1.25, 1.25/2.5, 2.5/5 mm) of different laboratory-made fine recycled concrete aggregates (FRCA) and ...

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Item 421 Hydraulic Cement Concrete

sand, recycled crushed hydraulic cement concrete, slag, lightweight aggregate, or a combination thereof. Provide fine aggregate free from frozen material and from injurious amounts of salt, alkali, vegetable matter, or other objectionable material. Provide fine aggregates with the requirements in Table 5 unless otherwise shown on the plans. Table 5

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SECTION 703 - AGGREGATES

703.01 Fine Aggregate for Concrete. Fine aggregate for portland cement concr ete may be a com binat ion of calcar eous sand and basalt, or basalt alone, both being free of vegetable matter and other deleterious substances. Natural sand or manufactured sand from a brackish water source shall be processed by washing with fresh water.

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Evaluation of sulfate resistance of cement mortars with ...

Jul 16, 2021· The effect of very fine aggregate on the water requirement and strength evolution of superplasticized concrete was studied. The maximum aggregate size was 6 mm, fine aggregate content 0-15% of the ...

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Concrete Testing with Chloride & Sulphates Tests| Sussex ...

Chloride Test. The test for chloride content in concrete is very significant as when chloride is present in reinforced concrete it can cause very severe corrosion of the steel reinforcement. Chlorides can originate from two main sources: a) "Internal" Chloride, i.e. chloride added to the concrete at the time of mixing.

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Chemical Requirement of Aggregates as per European ...

Carbonate content of fine aggregates for concrete pavement surface When it is required to control the carbonate content in fine aggregates for use in concrete surface courses, the carbonate content shall be determined as specified in EN 196-21:1989, clause 5, with the test portion being prepared in accordance with EN 1744-1: 1998123 and the ...

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Sulphate content of fine aggregates

Sulphate content of fine aggregates Products. As a leading global manufacturer of crushing, grinding and mining equipments, we offer advanced, reasonable solutions for any size-reduction requirements including, Sulphate content of fine aggregates, quarry, aggregate, and different kinds of minerals.

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sulfate contents in fine aggregate to concrete

BS EN 12620:2013 Aggregates for concrete - BSI Shop. 31 May 2013 ... Water soluble sulfate content of recycled aggregates - Chlorides - Carbonate content for concrete pavement surface courses of fine…

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Environmental Suitability of Recycled Concrete Aggregates ...

Two conventional graded aggregate base (GAB) materials and two recycled concrete aggregate materials were used in the current study. GAB materials contain coarse and fine aggregate particles as well as fines (clay and silt). Generally, the ratio between coarse and fine aggregate particles varies between 1:1 and 7:3.

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EFFECTIVE SULFATE CONTENT IN CONCRETE INGREDIENTS ...

Jul 07, 2015· Specifications usually put upper limits of SO 3 content in cement, aggregate and concrete. The upper limit of SO 3 content is calculated assuming that sulfates from all concrete ingredients have the same effect. Based on the results of an extensive experimental program, it is suggested to adopt the effective sulfate concept.

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DIVISION 600 MISCELLANEOUS CONSTRUCTION SECTION …

concrete mix shall consist of a minimum 55 percent AASHTO M 43 size No. 67 coarse aggregate by weight of total aggregate. Class S40 concrete is a dense high strength structural concrete. Additional requirements are: An approved water reducing admixture shall be incorporated in the mix. The concrete mix shall be made with AASHTO M 43 sizes No. 57,

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Test for Soundness of Aggregates by Use of Sodium ...

Aug 31, 2020· Containers – for immersion of aggregates in the solution, baskets made of wire mesh or sieve are considered satisfactory containers.; Temperature regulation – for maintaining the required temperature during the test; Balances– sensitive to the range of 0.1g for fine aggregates and 1% of weight of test sample for coarse aggregates; Drying ovens – capable of being heated continuously ...

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Aggregates for Use In Concrete

Concrete sub ject to abrasion 3.0* All other concrete 5.0* Coal and lignite: Where surface appearance of concrete is of importance 0.5 All other concrete 1.0 Source: Table 1 Limits for Deleterious Substances in Fine Aggregate for Concrete, ASTM C 33.

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Aggregates for Concrete - Memphis

aggregates cannot be overemphasized. The fine and coarse aggregates generally occupy 60% to 75% of the concrete volume (70% to 85% by mass) and strongly influ-ence the concrete's freshly mixed and hardened proper-ties, mixture proportions, and economy. Fine aggregates (Fig. 5-1) generally consist of natural sand or crushed

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Sulfate Contents In Fine Aggregate Fo Concrete

Sulfate contents in fine aggregate to concrete sulfate contents in fine aggregate fo concrete permissible levels of chlorides and sulfates in aggregate feb 1 1996 the report lists chloride and sulfate content but i dont know how to levels of recycled concrete aggregates in portland cement. more.

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Sulfate Contents In Fine Aggregate Fo Concrete

Sulfate Contents In Fine Aggregate Fo Concrete. Deval and magnesium sulfate soundness tests provide the best correlations with field performance of asphalt concrete and are remended for characterizing aggregate toughnessabrasion resistance and durabilitysoundness keywords aggregate toughnessabrasion resistance durabilitysoundness asphalt concrete pavement performance

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Sulfate in concrete

Excessive amounts of mobile sulfate, derived from aggregates or other constituents in concrete, can cause disruption due to expansion. BS 8110 part 1 Structural use of concrete, 1985, had a limit of 4% by mass of cement based on the total acid soluble sulfate method expressed as SO 3 (clauses 6.2.5.3).

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SULFATE RESISTANCE OF ROLLER COMPACTED CONCRETE

The resistance to sulfate attack improves with increases in cement or coarse aggregate content, as concrete becomes more dense and impermeable. Length change of RCC samples increases with increasing immersion age and stabilizes within 3-4 months after the initial contact. No mass of concrete residues is found for any specimens tested in this study.

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Permissible Levels of Chlorides and Sulfates in Aggregate ...

Feb 01, 1996· For the SO3 limit, 0.4% SO3 by weight of concrete may be equivalent to about 3% by weight of cement, doubling the equivalent SO3 in the portland cement and effectively surpassing any ASTM C 150 limit. For U.S. designers, call on your friendly cement chemist for advice.

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ISO/DIS 19595(en), Natural aggregates for concrete

1 Scope. This International Standard specifies the properties and requirements of aggregates obtained by processing natural materials and mixtures of these aggregates for use in concrete. It covers aggregates having an oven dried particle density greater than 2,00 Mg/m 3 …

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Use of Blast Furnace Slag Aggregate in Concrete

types of concrete mixes, i.e., one comprising blast furnace slag and the other comprising granite stone as coarse aggregates. The compressive strength of BFS aggregate concrete is higher than that of the stone aggregate concrete at the age of 90 days. 1.3.Slag- Manufacturing and Types In the production of iron, iron ore, iron scrap, and fluxes

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Effects of Waste Ceramic as Cement and Fine Aggregate on ...

Oct 15, 2019· It was observed that the utilization of waste ceramic in both forms of binder and fine aggregate significantly improved the compressive and splitting tensile strengths and higher resistance against chloride and sulfate attacks. The microstructure of the mortar was further enhanced by replacing ceramic waste powder and fine aggregates.

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sulfate sulphate content aggregates washing - BINQ Mining

Dec 17, 2012· sulfate contents in fine aggregate fo concrete. Gulin provide the sulfate contents in fine aggregate fo concrete solution case for you. … grinding and washing process plant with Gulin company. »More detailed

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Investigating the Effect of Sulfate Attack on Compressive ...

2.1.3.2 Moisture content. The aggregate moisture content is the percentage of water present in a sample of aggregate either inside pores or in the surface. Moisture content of coarse and fine aggregate was done according to ASTM C 566 [15]. The moisture content was 0 .23% for all types, the equipment used in this test are

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(PDF) SULFATE RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE AFTER TWO YEARS ...

The sulfate resistance of four types of concrete immersed in 5% Na 2 SO 4 or 5%MgSO 4 solutions for period of 24 months was investigated. Two water to cement ratios were varied (0.38 and 0.55) and ...

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